Destacadas Reflectores

¿Quién es la catrina?

La Catrina es un símbolo mexicano. Su nombre original es “La Calavera Garbancera”

 

Articulo por El Universal

 

Es el personaje que más se asocia al Día de Muertos y a la muerte en general en el país, y es además uno de los iconos con los que México es conocido en el mundo entero.

La versión original es un grabado en metal autoría del caricaturista oriundo de Aguascalientes.

Vía GIPHY

La Catrina, además, es un símbolo mexicano. Su nombre original es “La Calavera Garbancera”, refiere el Fondo Nacional para el Fomento a las Artesanías (Fonart).

Con la palabra “garbancera” se conocía entonces a las personas de sangre indígena que dejaron de vender maíz para vender garbanzos, registra Fonart en su sitio de internet.

Foto Especial

Así, las garbanceras pretendían ser europeos, ya fuera españoles o franceses, y renegaban de su raza, herencia y cultura.

Originalmente, la calavera no está vestida, únicamente utiliza un sombrero, lo que se ha interpretado como una crítica a la pobreza en que vivían los mexicanos.

 

Moda. Hoy en día es una tendencia maquillarse de Catrina en eventos de nuestras tradiciones (Por Ricardo Villaseñor)

“…en los huesos pero con sombrero francés con sus plumas de avestruz”, cita el artista José Guadalupe Posada.

En 1947, el muralista Diego Rivera le dio el atuendo que ahora conocemos: elegante y bien vestida. Así nació La Catrina, quién posa en el mural “Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central”.

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